NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 - Power Sharing

Civics is an important subject of Social Science which emphasises on the basic rights and duties of a national. Learning about the subject will give you an idea on how the government actually functions. So, it is important to study all these fundamentals in detail. Getting more marks in CBSE Class 10 Civics is now easy with study materials provided by TopperLearning. Access our numerous video lessons, revision notes, question banks, sample papers and past year papers. All these study materials are created by subject experts who are familiar with the ins and outs of the CBSE syllabus.

Learning the fundamentals is important and will help you to understand the Constitution of India. Our study materials are mostly referred by those who rely on last-minute preparation. Our engaging materials are also helpful when doing homework. CBSE Class 10 Civics students who have referred to our study resources have seen a remarkable improvement in their marks. In case you have any difficulties regarding concepts, you can refer to our NCERT textbook solutions which are available online and free of cost. While designing our study materials, we have taken care that you learn all the concepts according to the latest CBSE syllabus. At TopperLearning, we motivate students to join our online classes, to clear all their fundamentals and to ask questions, so that studies can get more interesting and they can achieve more marks in the examination. 

Read  more
Page / Exercise

Chapter 1 - Power Sharing Exercise 10

Solution 1

As there are diverse groups in democratic countries, the principle of power sharing assumes utmost significance. Following are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies:

  1. Power sharing in different forms of government: As there are three main branches of government in democratic countries, power is shared among the legislature, executive and judiciary. As a result of power sharing, none of the organs become too powerful as one branch of the government keeps a check on the other. For example, in India, once appointed, the judges cannot be removed from their office until and unless a motion to this effect is passed by two-third members of both the houses of the Parliament in India.
  2. Power sharing among various levels of governments: In various countries like India and USA, the power is shared between the state government and central government. The central government looks after the development of nation as a whole, while the state governments shoulder the responsibility of developing their own states. For example, while the central government looks after the finances of the entire country, the state government takes care of the finances of their own states.
  3. Power sharing among different social groups: In some countries, power is shared among different social or religious groups. For example, in India, reservations are made for the socially weaker sections of society in legislatures and bureaucracy.
  4. Power sharing among various pressure groups and political parties: In democratic countries, one political party remains in power for a fixed period of time. Sometimes, in a coalition government, different political parties share power and ensure the interests of every section of the society. Various pressure groups including trade unions and farmers may also share power by influencing decisions made by the government through movements or protests. For example, farmers are consulted before making new land and labour laws.
Solution 2

Prudent reason: One prudent or practical example of power sharing is the division of power into the three branches of the government. The legislature makes law, the executive implements the laws and the judiciary enforces the laws. This method of power sharing ensures that no branch of government becomes too powerful.

Moral Reason: Power sharing helps in maintaining the spirit of democratic structure of the country. When labourers are consulted before framing any labour laws, it adds to the democratic spirit of the country.

Solution 3

I agree with the view expressed by Ouseph.

Power sharing is the heart and soul of democracy. Any country whether big or small has diverse social, ethnic and religious groups. It is important to follow the principal of power sharing as this will minimise any kind of political, ethnic and social conflicts. This will also put a check on the power and authority of majority group and communities. This will lead to the establishment of peace and intellectual awakening of the society.

Solution 4

The measure taken by the Mayor of Merchtem in banning speaking of French language in the town's school is not in keeping with the spirit of Belgium's power sharing arrangements. It is because Brussels has a separate government where the French and Dutch speaking communities have equal representation and stake in the Central government. The banning of speaking in French will disturb the principle of power sharing and may lead to clashes between both the groups.

Chapter 1 - Power Sharing Exercise 11

Solution 1

In the passage, sharing of power at the local level is a prudential reason. The sharing of power at the local level in the form of the Panchayati Raj depicts the true sense of the democratic spirit of the country. It is only when people themselves participate in maintaining the administration of the country, corruption will be eradicated to a large extent.

Solution 2

(a) ABDF

Solution 3

(d) B, C and D

Chapter 1 - Power Sharing Exercise 12

Solution 1

(c) BDAC

Solution 2

B. Both A and B are true



Why choose our Study Materials for CBSE Class 10 Civics?

  • Created by subject matter experts
  • Consist of interactive videos and textbook solutions
  • Helpful for revision and doing homework
  • Free NCERT textbook solutions
  • Revised according to the latest CBSE syllabus
  • ‘Ask the expert’ facility
  • Helpful to score more marks