ICSE Class 9 Syllabus

  • Science

    • Biology |  View Syllabus

      Introducing Biology

      • Introduction to Biology

      Cell : The Unit of Life

      • Cell - Size, Shape and Number
      • Cell Structure and Types

      Tissues : Plant and Animal Tissues

      • Plant Tissues - Meristematic
      • Plant Tissues - Permanent
      • Animal Tissues

      The Flower

      • Structure of a Bisexual Flower
      • General Description of the Floral Parts

      Vegetative Propagation and Micropropagation

      • Artificial Vegetative Propagation
      • Hybridisation, Micropropagation and Somatic Cell Hybridisation
      • Biotechnology and its Role in Medicine and Industry

      Pollination and Fertilisation

      • Pollination
      • Fertilization

      Seeds - Structure and Germination

      • Seeds
      • Germination of Seeds

      Respiration in Plants

      • What is Respiration?
      • Plant Respiration

      Five Kingdom Classification

      • Five Kingdom Classification
      • Phylum Invertebrata - Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda
      • Phylum Invertebrata - Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca and Echinodermata
      • Division of Phylum Chordata

      Economic Importance of Bacteria and Fungi

      • Useful Bacteria
      • Harmful Bacteria
      • Useful and Harmful Effects of Fungi


      • Food and its Components
      • Deficiency Diseases

      Digestive System

      • The Digestive System

      Movement and Locomotion

      • Human Skeleton
      • Joints and Muscles

      Skin - The Jack of All Trades

      • Structure and Functions of Skin
      • Derivatives of Skin
      • Skin and Heat Regulation of the Body

      The Respiratory System

      • Respiration
      • Respiratory System
      • Mechanism of Breathing

      Hygiene - [A Key to Healthy Life]

      • Hygiene
      • Housefly and its Control
      • Control of Mosquitoes, Cockroaches, Rats
      • Water-borne Diseases

      Diseases: Cause and Control

      • Causes and Categories of Diseases
      • Diseases Caused by Bacteria
      • Diseases Caused by Protozoa
      • Diseases Caused by Parasitic Worms
      • Viral Diseases

      Aids to Health

      • The Immune System
      • Immunisation and Vaccination

      Health Organisations

      • Health Organisations

      Waste Generation and Management

      • Waste and its Categories
      • Methods of Safe Disposal of Wastes
    • Chemistry |  View Syllabus

      Language of Chemistry

      • Basics of Chemistry
      • Chemical Equations

      Chemical Changes and Reactions

      • Types of Chemical Changes and Energy Changes
      • Conditions and Characteristics of Chemical Reactions


      • Know About Water
      • Solutions
      • Crystallisation

      Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding

      • Model of An Atom
      • Parameters of An Atom
      • Distribution of Electrons in Orbits
      • Chemical Activity of Atoms
      • Redox Reactions
      • Electrovalent Bonding
      • Covalent Bonding

      The Periodic Table

      • Classification - Early Attempts
      • Modern Periodic Table

      Study of First Element - Hydrogen

      • Preparation of Hydrogen
      • Properties of Hydrogen

      Study of Gas Laws

      • Properties of Gases
      • Gas Laws

      Atmospheric Pollution

      • Atmospheric Pollution
      • Global Warming

      Matter and its Composition

      • States of Matter
      • Evaporation and Condensation
    • Physics |  View Syllabus

      Measurements and Experimentation

      • Systems of Unit and Units in SI System
      • Measurement of Length
      • Measurement of Time and Simple Pendulum

      Motion in One Dimension

      • Physical Quantities Related to Motion
      • Graphical Representation of Linear Motion
      • Equations of Motion

      Laws of Motion

      • Contact and Non-contact Forces
      • Newton's First Law of Motion and Inertia
      • Linear Momentum and Newton's Second Law of Motion
      • Newton's Third Law of Motion
      • Gravitation

      Pressure in Fluids and Atmospheric Pressure

      • Pressure in Fluids and its Transmission
      • Atmospheric Pressure and its Measurement

      Upthrust in Fluids, Archimedes' Principle and Floatation

      • Upthrust and Archimedes' Principle
      • Relative Density and its Measurement by Archimedes' Principle
      • Floatation

      Heat and Energy

      • Heat and Temperature; Anomalous Expansion
      • Energy Flow and its Importance
      • Energy Sources
      • Green House Effect and Global Warming

      Reflection of Light

      • Laws of Reflection and Formation of Image
      • Images Formed in a Pair of Mirrors
      • Spherical Mirrors, Image Formation and Uses
      • Sign Convention and Mirror Formula

      Propagation of Sound Waves

      • Production and Propagation of Sound Waves
      • Infrasonic, Sonic and Ultrasonic Frequencies

      Current Electricity

      • Electric Current
      • Potential Difference and Resistance
      • Efficient use of Energy


      • Induced Magnetism and Neutral Points
      • Electromagnet and its Uses
  • Mathematics |  View Syllabus

    • Rational and Irrational Numbers

      • Rational Numbers
      • Irrational Numbers
      • Surds

      Compound Interest

      • Compound Interest Without Using Formula
      • Compound Interest Using Formula


      • Expansions Using Square Identities
      • Expansions Using Cubic Identities


      • Factorisation of Polynomials
      • Factorisation: Split The Middle Term
      • Factorisation Using Square Identities
      • Factorisation Using Cubic Identities

      Simultaneous (Linear) Equations

      • Substitution Method
      • Elimination Method
      • Cross Multiplication Method
      • Equations Reducible to Linear Form


      • Simplification of Expressions Using Exponents


      • Concept of Logarithms and Applications
      • Logarithms

      Congruent Triangles

      • Congruence Criteria: SAS and ASA
      • Congruence Criteria: SSS and RHS

      Isosceles Triangles

      • Properties of Isosceles Triangle


      • Inequalities in a Triangle

      Mid-Point and Its Converse

      • Mid-Point Theorem

      Pythagoras Theorem

      • Pythagoras Theorem

      Rectilinear Figures

      • Polygons
      • Quadrilaterals

      Construction of Quadrilaterals

      • Quadrilaterals and Parallelograms
      • Construction of Trapezium and Regular Polygons

      Area Theorems

      • Concept of Area of Region


      • Chord Properties


      • Grouping and Tabulation of Data
      • Graphical Representation of Data

      Mean and Median of Ungrouped Data

      • Arithmetic Mean and Median

      Mensuration I

      • Area and Perimeter of Triangles
      • Area and Perimeter of Quadrilaterals
      • Areas of Combination of Figures
      • Area and Circumference of a Circle

      Mensuration II

      • Surface Area of a Cube and Cuboid
      • Volume of Cube and Cuboid
      • Cross-Section


      • Trigonometrical Ratios
      • Trigonometric Ratios of Standard Angles
      • Solution of Right Triangles
      • Complementary Angle Relations

      Coordinate Geometry

      • Cartesian Plane
      • Graphical Representation
      • Inclination and Slope

      Graphical Solution

      • Graphical Solution of Simultaneous Linear Equations

      Distance Formula

      • Distance Formula
  • Hindi |  View Syllabus

    • Vyakran


      • Nouns


      • Adjectives

      Aids to Vocabulary

      • Aids to Vocabulary


      • Prefix-Suffix

      Correction of Incorrect Sentences

      • Correction of Incorrect Sentences

      Idioms and Proverbs

      • Idioms and Proverbs

      Genders and Numbers

      • Genders and Numbers


      • Tenses
  • Social Studies

    • History and Civics |  View Syllabus

      The Harappan Civilisation

        The Vedic Period

          India in the Sixth Century BC

            The Mauryan Empire

              The Sangam Age

                The Age of the Guptas

                  The Medieval India - (A) South India and the Cholas

                    The Medieval India - (B) The Delhi Sultanate

                      The Mughal Empire

                        Emergence of Composite Culture

                          The Beginning of the Modern Age in Europe - (A) Renaissance

                            The Beginning of the Modern Age in Europe - (B) The Reformation

                              The Beginning of the Modern Age in Europe - (C) Industrial Revolution

                                Our Constitution

                                • Introduction
                                • The Preamble

                                Salient Features of the Constitution

                                  Salient Features of the Constitution - (A) Fundamental Rights and Duties

                                  • Fundamental Rights
                                  • Fundamental Duties

                                  Salient Features of the Constitution - (B) Directive Principles of State Policy


                                      Political Parties

                                        Local Self-Government - Rural

                                          Local Self-Government - Urban

                                          • Geography |  View Syllabus

                                            Our World

                                              The Earth's Grid

                                                Motions of the Earth-Rotation and Revolution

                                                  Landforms of the Earth




                                                          Folding and Faulting


                                                              Importance of Oceans

                                                                Movements of Ocean Waters

                                                                  Composition and Structure of the Atmosphere

                                                                    Insolation and Heat Balance

                                                                      Pressure Belts and Types of Winds

                                                                        Precipitation-Its Types and Causes

                                                                          Types of Pollution

                                                                            Sources of Pollution

                                                                              Effects of Pollution

                                                                                Abatement of Pollution

                                                                                  Natural Regions of the World

                                                                                • Economics |  View Syllabus

                                                                                  • Meaning and Definition of Economics

                                                                                      Basic Concepts of Economics

                                                                                        Basic Problems of an Economy

                                                                                          Types of Economies

                                                                                            Characteristics of the Indian Economy

                                                                                              Food Security in India


                                                                                                  Poverty in India

                                                                                                    Problem of Unemployment in India

                                                                                                      Human Capital Formation in India

                                                                                                    • Economics Applications |  View Syllabus

                                                                                                      • Meaning and Definition of Economics

                                                                                                          Basic Economic Entities in an Economy

                                                                                                            Basic Problems of an Economy

                                                                                                              Types of Economies

                                                                                                                Characteristics of the Indian Economy

                                                                                                                  Main Sectors of Indian Economy: Agriculture

                                                                                                                    Main Sectors of Indian Economy: Industry

                                                                                                                      Main Sectors of Indian Economy: Services

                                                                                                                        Other Sectors of Indian Economy

                                                                                                                          Economic Infrastructure

                                                                                                                            Social Infrastructure

                                                                                                                              Consumer Awareness


                                                                                                                              • English |  View Syllabus

                                                                                                                                • Grammar

                                                                                                                                  Subject- Verb Agreement

                                                                                                                                    Synthesis of Sentences

                                                                                                                                      Question Formation

                                                                                                                                        Finites, Non-finites, Participles

                                                                                                                                          Transformation of Sentences

                                                                                                                                            Idioms and Phrases


                                                                                                                                                Phrases and Clauses

                                                                                                                                                  Prefixes and Suffixes




                                                                                                                                                          Direct and Indirect Speech



                                                                                                                                                                Word forms

                                                                                                                                                                  Correct Usage

                                                                                                                                                                  • Gap filling
                                                                                                                                                                  • Sentence or Dialogue Completion
                                                                                                                                                                  • Sentence Reordering
                                                                                                                                                                  • Editing
                                                                                                                                                                  • Omission
                                                                                                                                                                  • Sentence Transformation


                                                                                                                                                                    Avoiding Repetition

                                                                                                                                                                      Figures of Speech

                                                                                                                                                                        Types of sentences (Form)



                                                                                                                                                                              Homophones and Homonyms

                                                                                                                                                                                Types of sentences (Meaning)

                                                                                                                                                                                  Active and Passive Voice


                                                                                                                                                                                      Parts of Speech

                                                                                                                                                                                        Synonyms and Antonyms

                                                                                                                                                                                        • Comprehension and Composition

                                                                                                                                                                                          Dialogue Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                            Article Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                              Message Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                Report Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Story Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Reading Comprehension

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Paragraph Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                        Email Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Essay Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Informal Letter Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Precis Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Formal Letter Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Debate Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Notice Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Diary Entry

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Speech Writing

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Poems and Short Stories

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The Heart of the Tree (Henry Cuyler Bunner)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The Cold Within (James Patrick Kinney)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Bangle Sellers (Sarojini Naidu)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                After Blenheim (Robert Southey)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Television (Roald Dahl)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Daffodils (William Wordsworth)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Chief Seattle’s Speech

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Old Man at the Bridge (Ernest Miller Hemingway)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          A Horse and Two Goats (R.K. Narayan)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Hearts and Hands (O. Henry)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              A Face in the Dark (Ruskin Bond)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                An Angel in Disguise (T.S. Arthur)