CBSE Class 12-science Syllabus

  • Chemistry  |  View Syllabus

    • The Solid State

      • Crystalline and Amorphous Solids
      • Three Dimensional Packing
      • Packing Efficiency
      • Crystal Lattice
      • Dimensions of Unit Cells
      • Imperfections in Crystals


      • Strength of Solutions
      • Ideal Solutions
      • Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure
      • Boiling and Freezing Points of Solutions
      • Association and Dissociation
      • Solubility


      • Conductivity of Solutions
      • Kohlrausch's Law
      • Electrolysis
      • Electrochemical Cells
      • Standard Electrode Potential
      • Nernst Equation
      • Batteries
      • Corrosion

      Chemical Kinetics

      • Rate of Chemical Reaction
      • Order and Molecularity of Reaction
      • Integrated Rate Equation
      • Temperature Dependence of Reaction
      • Collision Theory

      Surface Chemistry

      • Adsorption
      • Catalysis
      • Emulsions
      • Types of Colloids
      • Properties of Colloids

      Isolation of Elements

      • Occurrence and Extraction
      • Principles of Metallurgy

      The p-Block Elements

      • Trends in Properties of p-Block
      • Nitrogen and Its Compounds
      • Phosphorus and Its Compounds
      • Oxygen
      • Sulphur and Its Compounds
      • Halogens
      • Group 18 Elements

      The d-Block and f-Block Elements

      • Introduction to d-Block Elements
      • Properties of d-Block Elements
      • Important Compounds of d-Block
      • Lanthanoids and Actinoids

      Coordination Compounds

      • Introduction to Co-ordination Compounds
      • Nomenclature of Co-ordination Compounds
      • Valence Bond Theory
      • Crystal Field Theory

      Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

      • Characteristics of Halo Compounds
      • General Methods of Preparation
      • Chemical Properties
      • Polyhalogen Compounds

      Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

      • Introduction to Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
      • Preparation of Alcohols and Phenols
      • Properties of Alcohols
      • Characteristics of Phenols
      • Ethers : Preparation and Properties

      Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

      • General Study of Carbonyl Compounds
      • Aldehydes and Ketones
      • Carboxylic Acids


      • Study of Nitrogen Functional Group
      • Preparation of Amines
      • Properties of Amines
      • Diazonium Salts


      • Carbohydrates
      • Proteins, Enzymes and Vitamins
      • DNA and RNA


      • Classification of Polymers
      • Addition and Condensation Polymers

      Chemistry in Everyday Life

      • Classification of Drugs and their Target Interaction
      • Therapeutic Action of Drugs
      • Food Additives and Cleansing Agents
  • Mathematics  |  View Syllabus

    • Relations and Functions

      • Introduction to Relations
      • Introduction to Functions
      • Problems on Functions
      • Composition of Functions
      • Problems on Composition
      • Binary Operations

      Inverse Trigonometric Functions

      • Introduction: Inverse Trigonometry
      • Properties of Inverse Trigonometry


      • Introduction to Matrices
      • Matrix Operations
      • Transpose of A Matrix
      • Elementary Operations


      • Introduction to Determinants
      • Properties of Determinants
      • Properties and Applications of Determinants
      • Minors and Co-factors
      • Solving Simultaneous Equations

      Continuity and Differentiability

      • Continuity
      • Differentiability and Chain Rule
      • Differentiation: Implicit Functions
      • Differentiation of Exponential Functions
      • Logarithmic Functions
      • Differentiation of Parametric Functions
      • Second Order Derivatives
      • Mean Value Theorems

      Applications of Derivatives

      • Rate of Change and Approximations
      • Increasing and Decreasing Functions
      • Tangents and Normals
      • Maxima - Minima - I Derivative Test
      • Maxima - Minima - II Derivative Test


      • Introduction to Integration
      • Integration by Substitution
      • Integrals of Special Functions
      • Integrals of Trigonometric Identities
      • Integration by Partial Fractions
      • Integration by Parts
      • More Problems on Integration
      • Limit of A Sum
      • Properties of Definite Integrals
      • Evaluating Definite Integrals
      • Problems on Definite Integrals

      Applications of Integrals

      • Area Between A Curve and A Line
      • Area Between Two Curves

      Differential Equations

      • Intro: Differential Equations
      • Variable Separable Form
      • Homogenous Differential Equations
      • Linear Differential Equations

      Vector Algebra

      • Introduction to Vector Algebra
      • Properties of Vectors
      • Scalar Product of Two Vectors
      • Cross Product

      Three Dimensional Geometry

      • Introduction to 3-D Geometry
      • Cartesian Equation of A Line
      • Skew Lines
      • Equation of Plane
      • Intercept Form and Family of Planes
      • Distance of A Point From A Plane

      Linear Programming

      • Introduction to Linear Programming
      • Optimal Solution
      • Solution of Linear Programming Problems


      • Introduction to Conditional Probability
      • Independent Events
      • Bayes' Theorem
      • Distribution of Random Variables
      • Mean and Variance of A Random Variable
      • Binomial Distribution
  • Physics  |  View Syllabus

    • Electric Charges and Fields

      • Electric Charge
      • Coulomb's Law
      • Electric Field
      • Electric Flux
      • Electric Dipole
      • Gauss Law
      • Gold Leaf Electroscope

      Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

      • Electrostatic Potential
      • Equipotential Surfaces
      • Electrostatic Potential Energy
      • Electrostatics of Conductors
      • Capacitors
      • Combination of Capacitors
      • Electrostatics of Dielectrics

      Current Electricity

      • Ohm's Law
      • Drift of Electrons and Resistivity
      • Combination of Resistors
      • emfs and Internal Resistance
      • Combination of Cells
      • Kirchhoff's Rules
      • Electrical Appliances

      Moving Charges and Magnetism

      • Magnetic Lorentz Force
      • Motion in Combined E and B Fields
      • Biot Savart Law
      • Ampere's Law
      • The Solenoid and Toroid
      • Force on Current Carrying Wire
      • Torque on Current Carrying Loop

      Magnetism and Matter

      • Magnetic Field
      • Magnetic Properties

      Electromagnetic Induction

      • Magnetic Flux
      • Faraday's Laws of Induction
      • Motional emf
      • Eddy Currents
      • Inductance
      • AC Generator

      Alternating Current

      • AC Applied Across Resistor
      • AC Applied Across Capacitor
      • AC Applied Across Inductor
      • AC Applied to LCR in Series
      • Resonance in LCR Circuit
      • Power in AC Circuit

      Electromagnetic Waves

      • Characteristics of EM Waves
      • Electromagnetic Spectrum

      Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

      • Reflection by Spherical Mirrors
      • Refraction by Plane Surfaces
      • Total Internal Reflection
      • Refraction by Spherical Surfaces
      • Refraction by Lens
      • Refraction and Dispersion by Prism
      • Natural Phenomena Due to Sunlight
      • Optical Instruments

      Wave Optics

      • Huygen's Principle
      • Interference of Light
      • Diffraction of Light
      • Polarisation

      Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

      • Photoelectric Effect
      • Dual Nature of Matter


      • Alpha Particle Scattering
      • Bohr's Model of Atom


      • Atomic Nucleus
      • Nuclear Energy
      • Radioactivity

      Semiconductor Electronics

      • Types of Materials
      • PN Diode
      • Applications of PN Diode
      • Transistors
      • Applications of Transistors
      • Logic Gates

      Communication Systems

      • Signals and Transmission Systems
      • Modulation and Detection of Signals
  • Biology  |  View Syllabus

    • Reproduction in Organisms

      • Asexual Reproduction
      • Sexual Reproduction

      Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

      • Prefertilisation: Structures and Events
      • Pollination
      • Double Fertilisation, Post Fertilisation: Structures and Events

      Human Reproduction

      • Male and Female Reproductive System
      • Gametogenesis and Menstrual Cycle
      • Fertilisation, Embryonic Development and Parturition

      Reproductive Health

      • Population Explosion and Birth Control
      • Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infertility

      Principles of Inheritance and Variation

      • Mendel's Laws of Inheritance
      • Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance, Linkage and Recombination, Sex Determination
      • Mutations and Genetic Disorders

      Molecular Basis of Inheritance

      • DNA, RNA and Experiments on Genetic Material
      • DNA Replication
      • Transcription, Genetic Code and Types of RNA
      • Translation and Regulation of Gene Expression
      • Human Genome Project and DNA Fingerprinting


      • Origin of Life
      • Theories of Evolution
      • Mechanism of Evolution
      • Palaeontology and Human Evolution

      Human Health and Disease

      • Diseases in Humans and Immunity
      • AIDS and Cancer
      • Alcohol and Drug abuse

      Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

      • Animal Husbandry
      • Plant Breeding
      • Single Cell Protein and Tissue Culture

      Microbes in Human Welfare

      • Microbes: Household Products, Industrial Products and Sewage Treatment
      • Microbes: Biogas, Biocontrol Agents and Biofertilisers

      Biotechnology : Principles and Processes

      • Tools of Recombinant DNA Technology
      • Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology

      Biotechnology and its Applications

      • Biotechnological Applications in Agriculture and Medicine
      • Transgenic Organisms and Ethical Issues in Biotechnology

      Organisms and Populations

      • Organism and its Environment
      • Population: Attributes and Growth
      • Population Interactions


      • Structure and Requirements of Ecosystem
      • Energy Flow and Ecological Pyramids
      • Ecological Succession and Biogeochemical Cycles

      Biodiversity and Conservation

      • Biodiversity and its Importance
      • Conservation of Biodiversity

      Environmental Issues

      • Air and Water Pollution and their Control
      • Solid wastes, Agrochemicals and Radioactive wastes
      • Greenhouse Effect, Ozone Depletion and Deforestation
  • Economics  |  View Syllabus

    • Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence

      • Low Level of Economic Development under the Colonial Rule
      • Agriculture, Industry and Foreign Trade
      • Demography, Occupational Structure and Infrastructure

      Indian Economy 1950-1990

      • The Goals of Five Year Plans
      • Agriculture
      • Industry and Trade

      National Income Accounting

      • Income method and Expenditure method
      • Circular Flow of Income
      • Macroeconomic Aggregates
      • Classification of Goods and Value Added Method
      • Income and Expenditure Method
      • Some Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics
      • Circular Flow of Income and Methods of Calculating National Income

      Economic Reforms Since 1991

      • Concept of Demonetisation
      • Concept of GST
      • Liberalisation
      • Privatisation and Globalisation
      • Indian economy During Reforms: An Assessment

      Money and Banking

      • Barter System and Evolution and Functions of Money
      • Demand and Supply of Money
      • Commercial Banks & Money Creation Process
      • Functions of RBI and Instruments of Monetary Policy
      • The Supply of Money


      • Who are the Poor and their identification?
      • The Number of Poor in India and the Causes of Poverty
      • Policies and Programmes Towards Poverty Alleviation and its Critical Assessment

      Income Determination

      • Multiplier Mechanism, Deficit and Excess Demand
      • Aggregate Demand and its Components
      • Aggregate Supply and its Components
      • Equilibrium: AD-AS & S-I Approach and Adjustment Mechanism
      • Multiplier Mechanism and Paradox of Thrift
      • Deficit and Excess Demand
      • Ex Ante and Ex Post
      • The Short Run Fixed Price Analysis of the Product Market

      The Government: Budget and the Economy

      • Government Budget and its Objectives
      • Government Budget and its Measures
      • Budget Deficit and its Measures

      Human Capital Formation in India

      • Education Sector in India
      • Economic Growth and State of Human Capital Formation in India
      • Concept and Sources of Human Capital Formation

      Rural Development

      • Rural Development and Rural Credit
      • Agricultural Marketing, Diversification of Agricultural Activities and Organic Farming

      Open Economy Macroeconomics

      • Balance of Payments
      • Exchange rate: Meaning and its types
      • Concept of Balance of Payments
      • Exchange Rate: Meaning and Types

      Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues

      • Employment, Types and Participation of People
      • Employment Growth and Informalisation of Indian Workforce
      • Unemployment


      • Concept and Importance of Infrastraucture
      • Energy
      • Health

      Environment and Susutainable Development

      • Definition and Functions of Environment
      • State of India’s Environment
      • Sustainable Development and its Strategies

      Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours

      • Development Strategies of India, China and Pakistan
      • Comparative Study with respect to Demographic Indicators, GDP and HDI
  • Hindi  |  View Syllabus

What is the use of NCERT syllabus for class 12-science CBSE?

CBSE Class 12-science Syllabus provides the outlook of topics and units and details, introductions of chapters. Students should refer to the CBSE website and the NCERT curriculum before starting their preparations for each academic year. By doing so they will be able to study to the point and focus mainly on those concepts which are included in the syllabus. This will help in case students are referring to any other reference books than NCERT while studying. TopperLearning’s CBSE Class 12-science Syllabus is aligned with the NCERT curriculum and the framework as provided by the CBSE. The detailed study resources at TopperLearning also aid students in studying for scholarship and entrance level exams. The syllabus not only provides the content of the course but also helps in structuring learning goals, assessment approach and expectations.

How can I download CBSE class 12-science syllabus?

The CBSE Class 12-science Syllabus acts as a frame of reference designed by the board and as per the curriculum objectives as researched by NCERT. Every class is designated with specific learning outcomes, which is aligned to the CBSE Class 12-science Syllabus and help students gain knowledge and exposure to application-based learning. The syllabus helps standardise and adjust the learning levels of the students at various levels. TopperLearning study resources are aligned to the prescribed CBSE Class 12-science Syllabus and can be downloaded online for all subjects such as Mathematics, Science, Social Science, Hindi and English. The syllabus not only provides the content of the course but also helps in structuring learning goals, assessment approach and expectations.

Is NCERT 12-scienceth class syllabus available in Hindi?

NCERT 12-scienceth Syllabus is available only in English. However, the textbooks of science are available in English, Hindi and Urdu languages and you can get it from the NCERT websites.

What is the syllabus of Class 12-science CBSE?

The Class 12-science CBSE Syllabus is a frame of reference that helps students with goals and objectives of a particular grade and subject. The Class 12-science CBSE Syllabus helps students as a roadmap and assists in learning. A Syllabus helps instructors to frame and structure their course plan accordingly. Whenever a change in syllabus is announced by the board, TopperLearning ensures to update the content resources at the earliest possible time. TopperLearning provides the syllabus as well as crucial study materials like Video lessons, notes and question bank and one can download the Class 12-science CBSE Syllabus online. The syllabus not only provides the content of the course but also helps in structuring learning goals, assessment approach and expectations.