What are eukaryotic and prokarotic cells

Asked by adivachauhan20190190apsjhs | 11th Jul, 2021, 04:11: PM

Expert Answer:

Following are the features of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells: - 
 

PROKARYOTIC CELL

FEATURE

EUKARYOTIC CELL

There is absence of well-defined nucleus

Nucleus

Presence of well-defined nucleus with a nuclear membrane

Absent

Nucleolus

Present

Presence of a single length of only DNA 

Genetic material

Presence of several lengths of DNA wound around certain proteins

Presence of smaller ribosomes

Ribosomes

Presence of larger ribosomes

Absence of other cell organelles

Cell organelles

Presence of several other cell organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplasts etc.

Cell division occurs by fission or budding but not by mitosis

Cell division

Cell division occurs by mitosis or meiosis

Bacteria, blue-green algae

Examples

EuglenaAmoeba, plants, animals

Answered by Shiwani Sawant | 12th Jul, 2021, 10:25: AM